Below are listed some behavioral manifestations of what might be
"disorders" in the basic psychological processes.
1. ORGANIZATIONAL SKILLS
a. Difficulty adjusting
to routine of classroom and school, absent often.
b. Cannot organize materials,
belongings, loses items.
c. Disorganized work style;
erratic, inexact work, messy paper work.
d. Needs continual direction,
reminders, and guidance in order to complete work
f. Cannot shift easily from one
activity to another, mind on previous activity lesson.
2. ATTENTION SKILLS
a. Distractible -
attention paid to everything, both essential and nonessential,
fiddles with pencil, paper, desk.
b. Hyperactive - seems unable to
stay still; constant activity: moves legs, chair, table, walks
c. Impulsive - apparent
inability to delay or control impulses (i.e. responds without
thinking, doesn't wait for directions to be given,
d. Daydreams, loses track of
what is going on, is in own world, etc.
3. AUDITORY PERCEPTUAL SKILLS
a. Poor recall of what has been
heard in past (simple words, ideas, etc.)
b. Inability to follow simple oral
directions and assignments.
c. Uses sight-word approach to recall
words but cannot attack words phonetically
d. Cannot associate sounds with their
e. Does not discriminate differences
between similar sounds.
f. Answers not suitable for questions
asked, takes forever to answer.
4. VISUAL PERCEPTUAL SKILLS
a. Poor recall of what has been
seen in recent past (sight words, numerals, pictures,
b. Does not discriminate differences in
size, shape, color, perspective.
c. Can attack words phonetically but not
with sight-word approach.
d. Difficulty in cutting, pasting,
e. Difficulty reproducing letters, words,
designs, many erasures.
f. Loses place frequently in copying or
reading, needs extra time.
5. LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT
a. Does not tell a comprehensible
story, hesitates, repeats, stutters.
b. Speaks in incomplete sentences, makes
many grammatical errors.
c. Unable to relate ideas in a logical
d. Fails to grasp simple words meanings,
misunderstands words at grade level, cannot recall story
e. Uses immature vocabulary.
6. MOTOR CO-ORDINATION
a. Trips and falls frequently;
bumps into things, unsteady awkward gait.
b. Poor handwriting, letter
c. Limited manual dexterity for his/her
stage of development, cannot tie shoes.
d. Difficulty competing with peers in
sports and games because of limited agility.
e. Prefers not to participate, wants to
change the rules, cries easily.
a. Lacks grasp of meaning of
time; always late or confused.
b. Judgment of relationships is poor for
age (i.e. big-little, far-close, easy-hard).
c. Confused about directions (Left-right,
north-south, up-down, etc.).
d. Unable to navigate around familiar
spaces (school playground)
e. Negative reaction to
e. "Absent-minded". Often forgets
8. PEER RELATIONSHIPS
a. Is generally rejected by other
children, has no friends.
b. Always teases or bullies other
c. Is always being "picked on" by
d. Usually disregards feelings of
e. Does not cooperate, share, or get along
with other children.
f. Prefers to associate with younger
g. Denies mistakes and blames
a. Appears insecure or unwilling
to participate in new or difficult situations.
b. Excessively shy or
c. Does not accept responsibility for own
d. Never assumes leadership or initiates
e. Easily discouraged by demands of
classroom activities; gives up easily, submissive attitude toward
f. Compares self to other students in
10. EMOTIONAL STABILITY
a. Excessive anger, destructive
b. Mood changes quickly and drastically,
c. Constantly disrupts classroom - i.e.
tantrums, unnecessary disturbing noises; always demands to be
center of attention.
d. Generally very tense and nervous,
worrier, overly sensitive to criticism.
e. Typically depressed and sad, withdrawn,