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ACADEMIC/BEHAVIOR DEFICITS

Below are listed some behavioral manifestations of what might be "disorders" in the basic psychological processes.

1. ORGANIZATIONAL SKILLS

a. Difficulty adjusting to routine of classroom and school, absent often.
b. Cannot organize materials, belongings, loses items.
c. Disorganized work style; erratic, inexact work, messy paper work.
d. Needs continual direction, reminders, and guidance in order to complete work
e. Daydreams, stares.
f. Cannot shift easily from one activity to another, mind on previous activity lesson.

2. ATTENTION SKILLS

a. Distractible - attention paid to everything, both essential and nonessential, fiddles with pencil, paper, desk.
b. Hyperactive - seems unable to stay still; constant activity: moves legs, chair, table, walks around room.
c. Impulsive - apparent inability to delay or control impulses (i.e. responds without thinking, doesn't wait for directions to be given, etc.)
d. Daydreams, loses track of what is going on, is in own world, etc.

3. AUDITORY PERCEPTUAL SKILLS

a. Poor recall of what has been heard in past (simple words, ideas, etc.)
b. Inability to follow simple oral directions and assignments.
c. Uses sight-word approach to recall words but cannot attack words phonetically
d. Cannot associate sounds with their symbols.
e. Does not discriminate differences between similar sounds.
f. Answers not suitable for questions asked, takes forever to answer.

4. VISUAL PERCEPTUAL SKILLS

a. Poor recall of what has been seen in recent past (sight words, numerals, pictures, etc.)
b. Does not discriminate differences in size, shape, color, perspective.
c. Can attack words phonetically but not with sight-word approach.
d. Difficulty in cutting, pasting, drawing, coloring.
e. Difficulty reproducing letters, words, designs, many erasures.
f. Loses place frequently in copying or reading, needs extra time.

5. LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT

a. Does not tell a comprehensible story, hesitates, repeats, stutters.
b. Speaks in incomplete sentences, makes many grammatical errors.
c. Unable to relate ideas in a logical sequence.
d. Fails to grasp simple words meanings, misunderstands words at grade level, cannot recall story plot.
e. Uses immature vocabulary.

6. MOTOR CO-ORDINATION

a. Trips and falls frequently; bumps into things, unsteady awkward gait.
b. Poor handwriting, letter irregularities, reversals.
c. Limited manual dexterity for his/her stage of development, cannot tie shoes.
d. Difficulty competing with peers in sports and games because of limited agility.
e. Prefers not to participate, wants to change the rules, cries easily.

7. ORIENTATION

a. Lacks grasp of meaning of time; always late or confused.
b. Judgment of relationships is poor for age (i.e. big-little, far-close, easy-hard).
c. Confused about directions (Left-right, north-south, up-down, etc.).
d. Unable to navigate around familiar spaces (school playground)
e. Negative reaction to change.
e. "Absent-minded". Often forgets important events.

8. PEER RELATIONSHIPS

a. Is generally rejected by other children, has no friends.
b. Always teases or bullies other children.
c. Is always being "picked on" by peers.
d. Usually disregards feelings of others.
e. Does not cooperate, share, or get along with other children.
f. Prefers to associate with younger children.
g. Denies mistakes and blames others.

9. SELF-CONCEPT

a. Appears insecure or unwilling to participate in new or difficult situations.
b. Excessively shy or withdrawn.
c. Does not accept responsibility for own behavior.
d. Never assumes leadership or initiates group/class activities.
e. Easily discouraged by demands of classroom activities; gives up easily, submissive attitude toward authority.
f. Compares self to other students in negative terms.

10. EMOTIONAL STABILITY

a. Excessive anger, destructive or aggression.
b. Mood changes quickly and drastically, excitable, impulsive.
c. Constantly disrupts classroom - i.e. tantrums, unnecessary disturbing noises; always demands to be center of attention.
d. Generally very tense and nervous, worrier, overly sensitive to criticism.
e. Typically depressed and sad, withdrawn, never smiles.