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1) In the case study, identify and evaluate ONE argument on EACH side of the issue. Tell me exactly what the argument is and how you respond to it: if you agree, what convinced you; if you disagree, what reasons and counterarguments you have which incline you to disagree. points).
Pro drug testing in Africa: The drugs need to be tested somewhere and if people are willing outside of the U.S., regardless why they are willing, then why not. People in America don’t want drugs tested on them, and they don’t want drugs tested on animals. How are we supposed to develop new medicines? The obvious answer is to go overseas. I agree, as long as the “guinea pigs” are voluntary and paid. There are many diseases in the world that could possibly be curable, such as cancer and AIDs, but treatments and cures don’t fall out of the sky. They need to be researched and tested, and if people are willing to volunteer then who cares where they are from. Who knows, AIDs victims in Africa might be the first to be cured because they were the ones the drugs were tested on! However, I believe these tests are wrong if they are forced. I find it hard to believe that there are no people in the world willing to take part in these clinical trials.
2) Apply the two theories from your readings to analyze the moral issue of experimentation with third-world populations for the development and testing of new drugs.
Utilitarianism – Using the principles outlined for this theory, drug testing in Africa is definitely the right thing to do. A few might be hurt, but if the drugs are successful, in the end we all benefit.
Kant- The principles of Kant’s Theory say that it’s wrong to harm an individual or a minority for the benefit of the majority, and therefore Kant’s theory makes it wrong.
3) Apply the “principles” method from your readings (see the relevant box in your readings) to analyze the moral issue of experimentation with third-world populations for the development and testing of new drugs.
It’s wrong to kill unless it’s necessary: why is drug testing not a worthy cause? The killing is not being done on purpose, and countless lives could be saved in the end.
Do unto others as you would have them do unto you: As long as the testing is voluntary, it does not violate this moral principle.